Skill Enhancement Course
Sartaj Ahmad Allayie, Junaid Ahmad Malik, Gowhar Rashid

ISBN: 978-81-958714-1-4
Publisher/Imprint: World BIOLOGICA (India & USA)
Pages: 118
Format: Print/e-Book
Language: English
Edition/Volume: 1st
© Year: 2022
Publication date: September 2022


₹ 180

About the Book

The present book describes the biology and social organisation of bees along with the types of hives used, diseases and their management. The book places a focus on the fundamental and modern beekeeping technologies that increase the production of honey and other bee products. The book is written in a very lucid language along with illustrative explanations for better understanding. The book is delineated as per the recent syllabi prescribed by different universities in accordance with NEP 2020, Ministry of Higher Education, Govt. of India.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Introduction to Bee Keeping

   1.1 Apiculture

   1.2 Importance of bee keeping

   1.3 Beekeeping as a successful agro-based business

   1.4 Who can become a successful beekeeper?

   1.5 Scope of apiculture

Chapter 2. 
History of Apiculture

   2.1 World history of beekeeping

   2.2 Bee keeping in India

Chapter 3. 

   3.1 Selection of bee species for apiculture

Chapter 4.
 Biology of honey bee

   4.1 The Bee Colony – Various Castes and their Activities

   4.2 General Morphology

   4.3 Important Anatomical Features of Honey Bee

   4.4 Morphological features distinguishing the three caste of a honey bee

   4.5 Life Cycle

Chapter 5. 
Social Organization and Behaviour of Honey Bees

   5.1 Social Organization of Bee Colony

   5.2 Social Behaviour of Honey Bees

   5.3 Dances of honey bees

   5.4 Swarming

Chapter 6. 
Rearing of Honey Bees

   6.1 Artificial bee rearing (apiary)

   6.2 Honey Extraction

   6.3 Types of Beehives – Newton and Langstroth

Chapter 7. 
Bee Pasturage (Bee Garden) and Equipments

   7.1 Qualities of a good bee flora

   7.2 Bee Keeping Equipment

Chapter 8. 
Diseases and Enemies

   8.1 Bee diseases: control and preventive measures

   8.2 Bee enemies: control and preventive measures

Chapter 9. 
Bee Economy

   9.1 Beekeeping as an industry

   9.2 Products of apiculture industry and its uses


   1. To study the different castes of honey bee species

   2. To collect and identify the different honey bee species

   3. To study the lifecycle of honey bees

   4. To study the leg modifications in honey bee workers

   5. To prepare the temporary mount of mouth parts of honey bees

   6. To prepare the temporary mount of sting apparatus of honey bees

   7. To study the leg modifications of worker honey bees

   8. To demonstrate the quality testing of honey



References and Sources Used

About the Authors


Dr. Sartaj Ahmad Allayie, PhD

Dr. Allayie completed his graduation in Science from the University of Kashmir, J&K and completed his MSc, M.Phil and PhD in Zoology from Annamalai University, Chitambaram, Tamil Nadu. He completed the B.Ed programme from the University of Kashmir, Srinagar, J&K. Dr. Allayie joined as a Lecturer in Higher Education Department, Govt. of J&K in 2014 and is actively involved in teaching and research activities. Dr. Allayie is currently working as Assistant Professor (AA) at the Department of Zoology, Govt. Degree College Kulgam, J&K. He has more than 10 years of research and teaching experience in cancer biology, crustacean biology, toxicology, apiculture, physiology and genetics etc. Dr. Allayie has published more than 30 research papers in various national and international peer-reviewed journals. He has published 2 books and is acting as a reviewer in various journals. He has participated in several State, National, and International conferences, seminars, workshops, and symposia, and more than 15 conference papers are to his credit. The readers may contact him at s.h.sartaj@gmail.com

Dr. Junaid Ahamd Malik, PhD

Dr. Malik did B.Sc. (2008) Science in the University of Kashmir, Srinagar, J&K, M.Sc. (2010) in Zoology from Barkatullah University, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, and Ph.D. (2015) in Zoology from the same university. He completed his B.Ed. programme in 2017 from the University of Kashmir, Srinagar, J&K. He started his career as Lecturer in School Education Department, Govt. of J&K, for 2 years. Dr. Malik is now working as a Lecturer in Department of Zoology, Govt. Degree College, Kulgam, Kashmir (J&K) and actively involved in teaching and research activities. He has more than 8 years of research experience. His areas of interest are ecology, soil macrofauna, wildlife biology, conservation biology, etc. Dr. Malik has published more than 20 research papers in various national and international peer-reviewed journals. He has published 21 books, 37 book chapters, and more than 11 popular editorial articles with various publishers like Springer Nature, Elsevier Inc., Taylor and Francis Group, and IGI Global. Dr. Malik is acting as the Editor-in-Chief of Inventum Biologicum (An International Journal of Biological Research) published by World Biologica, India. He is also serving as editor and reviewer of several journals with a reasonable repute. He has participated in several State, National, and International conferences, seminars, workshops, and symposia, and more than 20 conference papers are to his credit. He is the life member of Society for Bioinformatics and Biological Sciences (SBBS) with membership id LMJ-243. The readers may contact him at editor@worldbiologica.com or malik.junaidahmad@gmail.com

Prof. Gowhar Rashid, M.Phil

Prof. Gowhar Rashid is currently working as Assistant Professor (Full time) in the department of Zoology, Govt. Degree College Kulgam, J&K from 2010. He has completed M.Phil from Barkatullah University, Bhopal and is presently pursuing PhD in Zoology from Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar, Punjab. He has 15 years of teaching experience and his areas of research are fisheries, aquatic biology, water chemistry and freshwater ecology. He has published 2 books and 7 research papers with different international publishers. Prof. Gowhar is serving as the convevor of the college discipline committee and examination cell. In addition, he is a trained NCC officer and inculcates the leadership qualities, national integration and discipline amongst the cadets in particular and the scholars in general. Prof. Gowhar is engaged in acquainting and preparing the students for various national curricular programmes.The readers may contact him at gowharr@gmail.com.

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